Grapes Crop Management and Diagnosis

Grapes are a type of fruit that grow in clusters of 15 to 300, and can be crimson, black, dark blue, yellow, green, orange, and pink. "White" grapes are actually green in color, and are evolutionarily derived from the purple grape.
".... Grapes can be eaten fresh as table grapes or they can be used for making wine, jam, juice, jelly, grape seed extract, raisins, vinegar, and grape seed oil.around the world .... "

The Grape (Vitis vinifera L.) is one of the most important fruit crops of India and has assumed the status of a dependable and remunerative farming enterprise. Apart from its utility for table purpose, processing into raisin and wine has added to its importance. Grape is a rich source of minerals like iron, phosphorus and calcium as well as vitamins like B1 and B2. In almost all the major grape growing countries, bulk of the grape produced is used for wine making with a small portion going for raisin and table purposes. In contrast, bulk of the production in India is used for table purpose followed by raisin. Thus, mainly table varieties suiting to the taste of the local consumers are grown in India

Nutrient Management

Grape Nutrient Management

Application of nutrients to soil depends on the site elected for grape cultivation

Soil properties

Soil properties in terms of soil texture and structure, soil pH, depth, availability and quality of irrigation, pH, soil depth play major role in successful grape cultivation

Petiole testing

Petiole testing is done to know the nutrient status of vines before application of fertilizers, Petiole nutrient guides have been developed for Thompson Seedless grapes which gives the indication for exact quantity of fertilizers to be applied

In India grape is cultivated in an area of about 118700 hectare’s with an annual production of about 2.585 million MT (NHB, 2014). The major grape growing states in India are Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Mizoram, Andhra Pradesh and Punjab, contributing to nearly 90% of the total production, followed by Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh and Haryana.

Some of the seedless grapes produced in India have already entered the international markets through export to the Gulf and European countries and a small proportion to East-Asian countries.